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Aromas of Anaga

The coffee tree comes from Ethiopia and when the properties of its seeds were discovered in the 11th century. Today, coffee is cultivated in vast areas of the world, including the Canary Islands. The variety grown on the islands is Arabica, which originates precisely from Ethiopia and has a high quality, highlighting the red color of the fruit, its aroma and sweet flavor.

Coffee is obtained from the seeds of the coffee plant, which are roasted and ground. Its diuretic and stimulating properties make it very popular worldwide. The production process takes about eight to ten months from flowering to fruiting.

Coffee arrived in the Canary Islands in 1788, when the Botanical Garden was created in Puerto de la Cruz (Tenerife) and the seeds were introduced with the arrival of the ship San Bernardo, which also brought many other exotic plants. José de Viera y Clavijo himself, in the Dictionary of Natural History of the Canary Islands explains the following about coffee: “It is originally from Arabia, and since it was brought to Tenerife it has prospered, from some years to this part, many feet, leaving no doubt that the climate is favorable”, so for centuries it has been reflected that the volcanic soils and climate of the islands favor the good quality of coffee.

In the Anaga Massif, the Agroanaga Association aims to encourage tropical fruit and coffee growers to consider the cultivation of these trees as a potential agricultural exploitation and not only as a residual crop or for their own consumption. The recovery of coffee plantations is the objective and the challenge is to produce specialty coffee. For this reason, Agroanaga and the Cabildo of Tenerife are taking the example of Valle de Aagete, in Gran Canaria, where a unique coffee is already produced and marketed.

The coffee trees of Anaga are found mainly in the Valley of Igueste de San Andrés, where coffee trees have existed for more than two centuries. This point of Anaga is an ideal place to refloat the plantation, thanks to its orography and the humidity and temperature conditions. In fact, the Canary Islands are the only place in Europe capable of producing coffee.

The project, which also extends to other crops in San Andrés and other parts of Anaga, aims to produce this select specialty coffee, which is produced and even packaged in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, with its corresponding economic profit for the sector, and which in turn becomes another attraction for visitors to Anaga, promoting a model of sustainable tourism that respects the environment.

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